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Bash bet >> Bostanliq medeniyiti

Chetellikler neziridiki qeshqer

Aptor: Ababekri abdureshid Yollan'ghan waqit: 2009-01-12 20:35

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    Biz chetellik seBp5C&@P0Qyx@ei2+e3j&i8094tlQfrl$F OjHXKpEyyahlarning qeshqerdiBemsr3NNJj^PN ibaret bu qedimy Ps1OxFHE9CqarYCi1zqd763ydZAIPLLrhUblrld&j%Medeniyetlik sheher hpF7cEqqidiki oxshash bolmx6L4+ju&Qa2vJdAyzJ7#o7tbxIghan bayanliridin busnbYU^-sKSRCVd5#Tc-eAGE*TO-Jy7 Muqeddes diyarning yUU!AVJ6pC2f$P^7R#fIraq ötmüshtin bügün)Giche bolghan tarixi j+Y7ZGPB6E7*v1WL IIl x8kyaWZPULnW5FGFyGoMLuo1qm+QGG8Dez1Eryani toghrisida mel1TL$Em774cnsCVj)MZ3a))%QHC2fR)t3PUm tunush,Tesiratqa D)r^ZoLI@c !!r^jE@E+jwUA^Zhxss!Pw$z7MuYzXJEDo7!j(PKmou7oLIge bolalaymiz. KishimGqP#Z!!01Q6s4 Öz yüzidiki qariniA9Ach9kRf bmlaXkO3UUvPQPkTh-d%KY7C)R30of) We wujudidiki illeE1BE&8J5PCB)oe+mJZ*vm5TAmJK+c2QC7b%WO%Z#npiNtKKd+fAgtQ5ELc^Tni bayqashtin haman $3&mJq1MDu6^#t#bCQSZsNCCAjiz kilidu hem bir^9ku!cFR3apIWWCv87KEEjiRv#fU(CegAov8 Xalis eynekke muhtd61JxC*ZbifGGmd$q+ZHffqR&C7wRJEnQJoAj bolidu. Mushu noqt EEFW-4nIni chiqish qilghanda, wO^)y&mqM9+i%o@HA)P^Y^vjDDX!10Y(NPKF*%4*IHo#cbVA9Ehhb1NOGerche chetelliklernicYu2J0IFJ(PpxgjnQaMV)9e^ eVaxlqTfOUQNg köz- qarashliri melE%GDBm4DbIf(a31d#@*YYtz^LmtyH*p$%nwlA^ffW3aK6$vIWUi4DQZyxUm derijidiki bitere%dgYN5aFAeh+yyF0b1X#tuzO7L(Plimik we xata chüshenkChidin xali bolalmisi25HEQi*J9@Qoh@@0Bx*p8HbzDwlrxR(!cgMnmhy62A3J!ufp6A)Mu, Qeshqer we qeshqelLQ5*iK -xxO5WB&s@MygF4bvkIklerni,Jümlidin pütv ZÜn millitimizni, Öz2BYYu*$^TKws d!wsPsVu(-(Ahi2-RiPvz6Imizni chüshinishimizdeF@)yR!jH#$VS$r%Yvh)0Zd Nahayiti muhim ehmnCsMmmI&21iXlSM@crq!HblUue5Bf-4wN)wrlJ1YJv82m*2(K3SZC6zIyetke ige dep qara6wGCj-SU6F^GHs8xu uRdK(^plZ9TmwS3Shqa bolidu.

f$ArBSaR8tWN6Usg9+^4yJ8q1^J7iRV91s47bPDyN jffk

  6E@2ii77Ayn+Th2Pxzp4LR!l  Izahatlar:(#&IS6Xn%QBd7zMub9EsvISLVJ!CxK%kzalKzhy-^d7(%vI5m0e0Sg(nA

    1. Lang ying: « 93kYBZ %1q37B(en*FKH0Y7dBg*5KKr34iFu1pLvI*4EpQA<Qutadghubilik>bbrXgedDFYwjSMa*akNdd9bSjZCjjgXKH% 51w*7 11qDCRdupkVNK We sherq-gherb medeniaV-owTe6^dYPtAHz6@2qYti», Shinjang xelq nehF5at9zLXTCNjSqUDShriyati, 1993-yili 1C@X*m9cd^X Mv*X5+JyqsQw#EuWv(2-ay neshri, 19-20-bR@gNeSjFfU ZdvvjRYBen)qiC$x+QLXWE5Etler.

    2!ovMuy(ACTl$8x+Vbccb6GyyanczNCVG-t. Przhiwaliskiy: « lo7boKuq8Qn^S8 SI%7qRVXj5GKPZ8Pnurgha seper», ShinjaQOMrFR0nV&7)mSIcTFW!evHaaNg xelq neshriyati, 192x3z)C^1YAH+kTLz3!w(las!po99-yil, Xenzuche neshr4)v 3aLE#PX5Q!Z@Qje) @5er%tV!8I, 287-bet.

eF    3. Eset sulayma0cr3G$-avcdkb@9wJ1LVT9ltwNdN: « tarim qowuqi chiiGz(f@Lo*ifI7A)NNfYEbarQOeiNKilgende», Shinjang xecjz$UCuJ91xYcKVTtHzxlPILq neshriyati, 2002-ydff1qimdeIkLnA*D% Ili 3-ay neshri, 3-b@WP7So!NON7r1hDEt.

    4. MUFspgf-CM1FY0zNo-Y+c2-q1Or)5EppArkopolo: « markopol5XX&MOning sayahet xatirsiqByN2UrN^4MuQze88», Shinjang xelq neshriL-9LL2OGTg+qYWvRl88$S^dtw&Ce9B)J5#Yati, 1991-yili 2-a3Y neshri, 82-83-betleHf7iEEfpsHCCk)R.

    5. Wé9HY chang'hong, Xé xenminlvHq0mMg^R3m hW3thT@ZA#1Rv$x@Er tüzgen: « chetel U79gt6AhB6MGr m(-1&LÉkispéditsiyichiliribxOovfv%e&sX$$G$4UUXod$Pqi8uX9VI#kNNing gherbiy yurt sayah%0Ys%lOg454)mqFutG9fHPhvHet xatiriliri», Shin1X)x$1Wb4yjwFMXZdHo1g%&WJb@wq&Kv+@T9iNPk%8C200Jang güzel-senet nesh5+cnCNh)1Z7dpSk(D 8$T%wflM*E8o*t6Riyati( Xenzuche), 19$Z-Zhb5T17lj4$@gTfFVxi26juT294-yili 9-ay neshri,X)()E90W6wBfPwlTEGg9^HWtp&a#65lRp8K 72-bet.

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   ixkW+*6YK@JHF%1 6. Choqan welixanof:1a$$OesiJ24KzZlKk6hd qmbx46ZyE6#V# «qeshqer», Wéy chang'ho4GHx2^NAs3#q70ONgqNaqWPq9vNg, Xé xenminler tüzgp31z%En: «chetel ékispédi(JkV 6kapn*ALc9A)xqsRB5Q0on^2vjS6x0fo1KdEtjpAqvtrr@UiygDqItsiyichilirining gherbULP+566IrcYJeZqv3D9gIy yurt sayahet xati^VfNZzoZT9+ugoeK%gwIqyy!xs%g7CDbm+ecG^0dXtvfjQX0yRiliri», Shinjang güzea8vpr!zHpP*dDE %HBDL-senet neshriyati( 58^O-U2G0OXpdFnXenzuche), 1994-yili 0ndc(FVIUttAA*OV&+^F8p#VERPvogw!P4tieHO4&v^HnIKvXBx9-ay neshri, 74-bet.1qa4oGk-Te*iGzSdn#o qq)

    7.Choqana6Nt8jNRti@xSf^OJT4uB)YA%JCQn Welixanof: «alte shx6bEpm2b&Pe&JEher xatiriliri», «sh0p6eIvWInjang tezkirichiliki»Jl4TpWTzUmazK@yCN%S@)j(HKW6p Gg9+T3A223IiEsi^xSSyBmB&OojknE, 2001-yil 2-san,49-PWu7bTsmKQ-550-betler.

 ya#0ikmQe-fHDU^NZyhBG1M m-1P!MB$*xWEw$B4uocwbLlOV2iyi   8.Yuqarqi zhurnal,hw#Vsr%MIjeH*c1vy1q+W*5IW(FB*sRE%#Pak1wKsx6tsGP(O2sq8 BI-$ 44-bet.

5YVbwG)F391RrXA!hSMMlu(JF

   $L8@fGCO4@gFFTdV1 9. Yuqarqi zhurnal, W50-bet.

    gt&p(Wu10. A.N.Koropatkin:-qk@IoJvNHX6jBeJf6XVDjJQ!)hssauTdFhpWT1Im^pk9Vd+ovC8C2D «qeshqeriye», «neshri)vv)!lQZ$+4@H*@r 6MopEVDQGYat ilawisi», ShinjaH0MEYh@MxLUN&j(s@HVyfIJxVNg xelq neshriyati,199uUl+#9fwdXGX^+tCk!x1msoW^Ukgfi7HV1ot#g965-yili 5-ay neshri 12uAX&L&wr+S#HUxHwGtx(cE1DNvxxT9y@yclB$-bet.

    11Td&8syTJZJ. Yuqarqi kitab , «mV66JOIJC85mUqeddime»,3-bet.

    12. YuqarqiVje6E-7r**YYK#!+if(^dUP3fNp Kitab, 5-bet.

    13. Yuqarqi kpi9n6Rn5o 5g@yf2B-N8Ef *meTTcF!LpfV$#qTItab, 37 -bet.

    14. 罗伯特•沙敖:《一MCJITK5NHFo7+X$v1ciUl7xZ(O0*XVmXdo4KP%+IeaDtlbkeBnxV2dBi9 个英国商人的冒险》, 新疆人民出版社,2#b#+ny8rHdH376fvhkP3cpkRU!K&003年9月版

    -MDUho5iN9Qe15. 罗伯特•沙敖:《一个英商人的冒险^82h(^-SaPF5a@ bOx3@HuJ+#Y》, 新疆人民出版社,2003年9月版,D^6W5Ez^qlNT3w7F!#UOJGBTH)@9p#0h0D4第206页

    16JdY&Dyd9l-!zqPJOlwpW28E8z6O4b@(x+Jw qSngFYd6VNKrv). 同上,第207页

 LksfgBdZRS0C(BOmjCGoGBqW7@lHU-EAipUJ(4   17.罗伯特•沙敖:《一个英商人的q冒险》, 新疆人民出版社,2003年9月WZ08XNz6k&h 7^tL版,第230页

    l6v$**Ft!(J%bOa9qi918OjlUeD7#a9zMsdr!!7qN318.《丝绸之路与文明的对话》,中国中外E^tGV关系史学会、暨南大学文学院主编,新疆人民iT@henjA5!9XjibiiPMFSG%65Loe&9j3pG()c)QNFZDiR6Q出版社,2007年5月版,第207页

    19. KatarSyDshqjFzCeEw6AXTWdSR&33&t(L!dV2NjDJ0A4Ga!mN$8hIn makartiniy: «qeshqbVnC#T6tZErni esleymen», ShinKE0w^)PFNsqFDW&Y3lg17Zy*5zz@NNRT!r-6++bU2eJang xelq neshriyati, 8gmL2pNDE7YpXiy8ObbWG!U92000-yili 9-ay neshiH^xhRi, Kirish söz,3-bet.JJ(IBR4YTDT5xhVW$hNa)ombws#g2oBBwD@h1qt%

    20. Yuqm9DXw(RO@q(xEArqi kitab , 82 -betkaaJt@zOmKt+KP4^bRHXCsY)9V*7tGAO).

    21. Yu!mUd!NNHg1Y10dg*Q5 MM8aOJ&T4vX#Fha@tb X5IN&%-bZG9RGGd+PNRQarqi kitab, 38-39-b1$lvA0M17Ujmyld2g0&HFZC4N(jsJDqEtler.

    2VADS4TUZetWd@QJTk#-ZXAuNo(nYyhD66lLyf2tcWAYrO0CJq!2. Katarin makartiniHzB*74Ns97kuT%7v(%BxCBbDaKevY: « qeshqerni esleyla4GiF+Men», Shinjang xelq ne6UA8@jFGTHTXmM0Q&Aj*MMsAsBShriyati, 2000-yili 9IlGiwwd!CewL*ZZI@J! HH!sYhH-psq$LnI0^Kz$6^+@-ay neshiri ,57 -bet3X&fKT6FZmdu+I3d15YYG#G7pLVsFSLM!&P.

    23. Yu QQarqi kitab ,76-77 -DCS*RWUc8(wipuN3hTXvw2oBetler.

    re)NMD&sfWJ)3OFK0H4^EYb j^i1q-ddMPu$v-AQpHgb)buHc)m#@WjMWpa24. Yuqarqi kitab, 6Q3 EZANslvS2egWzB-2gaAr%4ceXv VD##Lz+xE5($xil9(8p*VMG7-bet.

    2MF%Zv-jsbdv*vTAXC(*^wMResIJehgbl)3g5&R6(hvdZ5uMtu-7SU5. Dianna sipton: «7oyyL-(GpcMlZ)HkDp(aNdNQedimiy makan»,«muqey16PV(hIY-DOtYbyf#3V545M^CUh2W2wR1yDdime», Shinjang xelq e8PFKxGnzwUu*4WUz0yl7j(keOhk(HukoNeshriyati, 2000-yilirjdfYK0BxBb 9- ay neshri, 2-betVkkdTCDRPWl(66Av^1BoE&HvBX29jKzerPP)8eV5(sYeW.

    26. YuJohyN#GsTQarqi kitab, «muqedds99S)M^8hU5Bl(NNYpoOVVoo^FIme», 3-bet.

    27. Yuqarqi kitj JRIw9Ab , 204-bet.LMZG 9A6vI!5wo6

    28. Yuqarqi kiGd)P4x+buzfZ6uC5BSkI5kaih^$wTOGBX8f#A-Kl9LiFTab, 206-bet.FFhd8 gG4kQT3(2ZAsSuusSq3&sfUt-rSmQPt)Y0mCqujVH4&zyyKu3

    29. Li jün, Dé4cGT8f7Ng miyaw: «swén hédinXT2^bKmaar#BerB$HNqcX0aaGcEux*9#D», Shinjang xelq neshriUP#n!RRlISVj4w4jC@YU81DIjVaUU$MvWdPeulFqYati, 2004-yili 3-af-sAMDoBNuBYDLuAZCugE@1v+4hh 2!kS)B2-V5WV77Fx8BH0kwQLom1(kXY neshri, 22-bet.

    30. Swén hé7NpEvDin: «hayat- mamatlio6raB8Y&b2SK!64MUQ bayawan», Shinjang xgWz%@ggtYp8 76-((fGk1EEYm5k+*AG%PElq neshriyati, 2005-P$M*FrNettkni9DIqm##u7feusO11EjoFK)J5@p4FWgK!psRUZVYili 8-ay neshiri, 1RQep&++NUQJa2Hur)bdCO&N(%eLnr%8o4L18-bet.

    v3Ecjpxtv)@KZb%O1S+lh3%i+k7n6qrXul8)5hlRv-b1oP*L6CVm31. Gunnar yaring: «qUEshqerge qayta seper»y9#ss, Shinjang xelq neshriydrJUtyQML((Ati, 1998-yili 9-ay6#S^xUwG4pf&V&e4@sqm 8QzB4tsp!LV$Pup65X74+&F0S(QO(28f Neshri, 110-111-betlXX#4@x%6))wn#SxPgn-5x1uuxQwj-PQ1+$oYv9+Z Er.

    32. jbEpE$9141snpxu3kfmD4qWYuqarqi kitab, 113-b!enYfig^bO-CIff ^cGky$9EDnl2C-DG45Et.

    33. &&vWWTc46eA3Wo^hC8(+uwZx&mQ&aJB-ifB @EIvHtDYuqarqi kitab , 114-p0Bet.

    34.9Gx3v9@PMub3IC*qP00wc-jd7+bG$11tm)ZRY Yuqarqi kitab, 190-+&1Db6jhN-dJv+%SexpuSd(Msu191-betler.

q*bYkEv-)16    35. Gunnar yaring3zexCpd*8h^h!w : «qeshqerge qayta seLPer», Shinjang xelq ne0v8RTXmEwfbivxe8c+NPwYzOA(FTxlZeV3F!i4zzf*2tz%OEShriyati, 1998-yili 95x#CASZCE+OBbnl!D+MTX)q!)fZUSH)80N1Pq&aYjk-ay neshri, 213-bet. kW!6)S%HcEwV8oz!NMj(%$ k%(tua!

    36. EsCCh^CLs55d%vxj@MX*C2-6-EnykEt sulayman: «özlükX0IwwhQWH We kimlik», Shinjang 5u6nCyG7&S$!ML%EOecZGYwOniwérsitéti neshriyL@Zh#Sc(+n(1XFG*2UXjL0kkow0ARQrQN358S14F&O^b^-J8Ati, 2006-yili7-ay 5 WSPzTQ#W*-U)FaCkHmZIoJm^vVAyrQO6JmoGBUq+GB#p6wJ1!gm5k$J%gNeshri, 232-233-betle8l-@Km+utz1wO9yBNu@vT+y4s^jHGd k!08%NrQf9FGjqDPQQR3F!HBR.

    37. Nlflu#TNp85+43%q0 6aY^ c4x@ZKye%gEwF*r&a3yJ$Oshirwan yaushéf: «ubb7K-W1FkUeCfYkEZUz*003lasVI9dairCVdrhUJ88tdV3pt@T%Acz$eYghurlar yurtigha ziya!5rKAhj&W1!s6e5Ga%!22!bidC4gOGhhT NrLLRet», «miras», 2005-15ohTz+x+PYap+w3hj#KZCj2TbcP1vN*@lY Eti10* OxeTL(U!@HGO+MYilliq 2-san, 11-betEu^AcD4N+*-*BlYQiL8z2^.

    38. Yu(km8Dm3-34Qarqi zhurnal, 16-betFn.

    39. Yu^gT$IOaaWHE0Sq0P+KSQkkYtAn09A-EgP$gLIIEoQarqi zhurnal , 2005-wNLge-vxdM&*c12Q(KvYnxKly72PD&uD%sB5i@5Kv%$imkERT)ubAGYilliq 4 -san, 43-bep9EaK&)N @cjIT.

    40.YulF^wP4!!)lv7EpdZ%qquS5EJ^CmuVyHo4zr1NueXaj8!D^pt1Qarqi zhurnal, 2005-yL$y*qB+nhCWQ q-FgXtL2sIlliq 3-san,50-bet.

    41 .《丝绸之TdGYTuex!BVvfO+bGj7J5(KVJPb8pzBnQXVGK^路与文明的对话》,中国中外关系史学会、暨GgFGcQIIWrAPZgPyRhfDlUg1$QLlgVmSjV6h8t1*44Bx9Ulbpn5IHUQ南大学文学院 主编,新疆人民出版社,20D07年5月版,第227页

    42. 同上,第227页

    43. 同上,第22u*XtLET(1 **RSYY0f7a9JM$&8+KI7页

    Bu maqaleR1hlZyvBAZh^tDTgJg L&ct123m)VzO(3Em-*Dm-0J « miras » ‍zhornilinZ1I9DT!lFRZF6UmQ@zNevVgB$-#PIng 2008-yilliq 6-saniyaC(mtoO8nAIi$WRFuK(mmm8FV0KgqW4b5vV5Auxy5(8csIdin élindi.&9+V9sGFvQPk8JceeiLts

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